GDS Systems Engineering Training Programs. Online Training. Training helps reduce your design and operational risks. We provide MIL-STD-810H, RTCA-DO-160, Vibration and Shock, FAA Requirements Management courses. by Dr Ismail Cicek and a CVE certified by EASA. Tailoring of the MIL-STD-810H test methods and procedures. EUT. Equipment Under Test. Online Classes. US based intructor. US DOD. EASA. FAA. NASA. Miliary Stanrdards. Askeri Test Standartları. Çevresel Test Standart Eğitimi. Eğitim. Acceleration Testing. Aircraft Systems. RTCA-DO-160. Crash Hazard. Korozyon Testleri. Corrosion Tests. Environmental Testing of Products, provided by GDS Engineering R&D, Systems Engineering Products and Solutions. Dr. Ismail Cicek. Product Verification and Validation Courses for Integrated Systems. C-17 Military Aicraft. FAA/EASA. US DoD. Safety First. US Army. US Air Force and US Navy Tailoring Examples for Mission and Environmental Profile. Setting Test Limits and Durations are Explained. How to evaluate test results and mitigate the risk (Risk Assessment Matrix). Aircafft Equipment, Devices, Plugs, Machinary, Engines, Compressors, or Carry-on. European CE Time Schedule.

Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) of Marine Devices and Electrical Equipment

Devices used onboard a ship are exposed to harsh electromagnetic environments, whether in the propulsion, deck or bridge area of a ship. Testing of such devices for Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) is therefore very important. Otherwise, manufacturers can face difficulties during the certification and procurement stages.

EMC testing and certification  services to ensure your marine products comply with relevant international standards and regulations is a MUST!

GDS Engineering R&D does not perform these tests yet; however, have the information on design and test knowledge. The requirements include the international conventions as agreed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) for Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).

Currently, we have observed that these tests are conducted by reputable agencies like ELEMENT.

The testing laboratories use the following standards to test the marine electronic, digital or electrical devices for certification to IMO SOLAS requirements, guidance, or recommendations:

  • IEC 60945
  • IEC 60533
  • Lloyds Register Test Spec No 1
  • DNV Certification Notes 2.4
  • IEC 60092

Click this link to read more about ELEMENT’s advertisements.  Element also provides the following additional information in their website:

Support and guidance from the initial design stage

The use of composite materials in ship construction together with new radio technologies and high power electronics are changing the requirements and design goals that need to be achieved to ensure electromagnetic compatibility.  Element is well placed with our knowledge of both standards and the target environment to provide detailed guidance of the best compliance strategies to adopt for your marine products.

CE Marking and Wheel Mark certification

Element performs EMC testing in conjunction with climatic and environmental test requirements to meet dedicated marine standards and be compliant with CE marking legislation. We make sure your marine equipment complies with the relevant EMC standards listed in the Marine Equipment Directive to help you achieve the Wheel Mark certification.

EMC test plans
Online Training on MIL-STD-810H, RTCA-DO-160, MIL-STD-461G, MIL-STD-704 Environmental Testing of Products, provided by GDS Engineering R&D, Systems Engineering Products and Solutions. Training Led by a Live US-based Sr. Instructor: Dr. Ismail Cicek. Product Verification and Validation Courses for Integrated Systems. C-17 Military Aicraft. FAA/EASA. US DoD. Safety First. US Army. US Air Force and US Navy Tailoring Examples for Mission and Environmental Profile. Setting Test Limits and Durations are Explained. How to evaluate test results and mitigate the risk (Risk Assessment Matrix). Aircafft Equipment, Devices, Plugs, Machinary, Engines, Compressors, or Carry-on. European CE Time Schedule. FAA Requirements Management. Efficient way of learning. Continues Education. Class Material.

Our test facilities for both EMC and environmental provide a comprehensive portfolio of tests to ensure that whatever your marine equipment is, and no matter where it’s located, we have a test solution that matches your needs.

Coordinated approach to testing for global market access

Our expertise comes from testing thousands of different products every year, and our industry-leading capacity allows us appropriate coordination of testing, so your marine equipment meets common standards of safety and performance across the EU and is accepted for entry into world markets.

For more information, we currently advice you contact with Element support desk.

Global Dynamic Systems. GDS Systems Engineering Training Programs. Simulators. Engine Room Simulator (ERS). Ship. Electrical Systems Simulator. Physics Lab. UH60. Amphibious. Ground Vehicles. Military Training Programs. MIL-STD-810H Online Training. Environmental Testing of Military Products. Training helps reduce your design and operational risks. We provide MIL-STD-810H, RTCA-DO-160, Vibration and Shock, FAA Requirements Management courses. by Dr Ismail Cicek and a CVE certified by EASA. Ship Engine Room Simulator (ERS) SERS GDS Engineering R&D IMO STCW 2010, Engine Performance, Main Diesel Engine, Marine, Maritime, IMO Model Course 2.07. Certified by Class NK. ITU Maritime Faculty. Yıldız Technical University. Competencies. Operation and Management Level. Education and Training. Assessment of Marine Engineers. Troubleshooting with Fault Tree Scnearious and Analysis Reporting. Maritime. Marine Engineering.

GDS Mühendislik ARGE San. Tic. Ltd. Şti. (GDS Engineering R&D, Inc.)

GDS Mühendislik ARGE San. Tic. Ltd. Şti., 2014 yılında Teknopark istanbul’da kurulmuş olan bir ArGe firmasıdır.

Kısa adıyla GDS;

Denizcilik sektöründe simülatör ürünleri geliştirmekte, özelllikle denizcilik eğitimlerinde kullanılmak üzere Gemi Makine Dairesi (Ship Engine Room Simulator) ve benzeri simülatörler geliştirmektedir. GDS’nin ana ürünü olan Ship Engine Room Simulator (SERS), marka tescili tamamlanmış ve uluslararası denizcillik sertifikasyon ajansı olan ClassNK tarafından sertifikalanmıştır. SERS, Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi, One Yachts, ve İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi gibi önemli denizcilik eğitim kurumlarında kullanılmaya başlanmıştır. GDS, SERS yanında Gemi Elektrik Sistemleri Simülatörü gibi diğer denizcilik eğitim simülatörleri de geliştirmiş ve çalışmalarına devam etmektedir.

GDS, Denizcilik Sektörü‘nde projeye özel, bilgi ve tecrübeye dayalı, danışmanlık hizmetleri de vermektedir. ARKAS BIMAR’a ait TÜBİTAK projesi ile Makine Öğrenmesi konulu çalışma devam etmektedir. Karadeniz Holding (Karpowership)’e ait bir gemi için denize yayılan gürültü ölçümü ve analizleri konulu bir çalışma ve uluslararası geçerli bir rapor çalışması yapmıştır. Benzer mühendislik ve danışmanlık çalışmaları ile denizcilik sektörüne hizmetlerimiz devam etmektedir.

Havacılık Sektörü‘ne ait olarak GDS personeli, RTCA-DO-160 Çevresel Test Standardı eğitimi vermekte, bu standarda göre test planı ve testlerin yönetilmesi konusunda hizmet vermektedir.

Savunma Sektörü’nde çok önemli olan MIL-STD-810H konusunda uluslararası deneyimlere sahip okan GDS, bu konuda eğitimler vermekte ve test planı, test gereksinimleri hazırlanması, ve test projelerinin yürütülmesi konusunda sektöre hizmet vermektedir.

GDS personeli aynı zamanda İTÜ Denizcilik Fakültesi’nde akademik kadroda bulunan kişilerden oluşmakta olup İTÜ Denizcilik Test Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi’nde (İTÜ DETAM), üniversite-sanayi işbirlikleri kapsamında test, danışmanlık ve mühendislik hizmetleri sunmaktadır. İngilizce adıyla İTÜ Marine Equipment Test Center (METC), titreşim, sıcaklık, buzlandırma, düşürme, istif, iç basınç, çekme, çentik, sızdırmazlık, tuz sisi gibi çevresel testleri yapabilmektedir.

GDS, ürünleri ve bilgi-deneyim potansiyeli ile global çalışmalara katkı vermeye devam etmektedir.

GDS’ye ait ürünler ve çevrimiçi verilen eğitimler aşağıda listelenmiştir.

GLOBAL DYNAMIC SYSTEMS (GDS)
TRAINING COURSES
Worldwide, Online, for ‘Groups’ or ‘Individuals’

Training on
MIL-STD-810H
ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING

Training on
EMI/EMC Testing
(per RTCA-DO-160 & MIL-STD-461)

Training on
Systems Engineering
(DoD/FAA/NASA/EASA)

Training on
Vibration and Shock
Testing

Training on
RTCA-DO-160G
ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING

Training on
MIL-STD-461G EMI/EMC Testing
(incl. MIL-STD-464)

Training on
Requirements Management
(FAA/EASA/US DoD/NASA)

Training on
MIL-STD-704F
Aircraft Electrical Interface


OUR REFERENCES

We have provided training courses to more than 100 companies and organizations
and over 500 individual trainees so far.

ARMERKOM Logo - MIL-STD-810 Training Provided by GDS Engineering, NAVY, Donanma, Egitim Test Çevresel TestlerMIL-STD-810 Egitimi DzKK LogoRaytheon, in Dallas TX, Provided Product Verification and Validation PhD Course in 2009 by Dr Ismail Cicek as part of the Texas Tech & Raytheon PhD Study on Systems EngineeringUSAF_-_Aeronautical_Systems_Center Acceleration Test MIL-STD-810 Consultancy
GDS Engineering R&D has been providing systems engineering training courses (such as MIL-STD-810 and RTCA-DO-160) since 2009!
TUBITAK BILGEM Logo - MIL-STD-810 Training Egitim Env Test

References of GDS Simulator Products
&
Engineering/Consultancy Services
in
Maritime Training and Research

Engine Room Simulator (ERS). Ship Engine Room Simulator. IMO STCW 2010 Training. Marine Engineering Cadets. Maritime. IMO Model Course 2.07. Online Training. COVID-19. Certified by Class NK, IACS Member. Maritime Education and Training (MET)Engine Room Simulator (ERS). Ship Engine Room Simulator. IMO STCW 2010 Training. Marine Engineering Cadets. Maritime. IMO Model Course 2.07. Online Training. COVID-19. Certified by Class NK, IACS Member. Maritime Education and Training (MET). Containership. Yacht Taining. Tanker Personnel.
Engine Room Simulator (ERS). Ship Engine Room Simulator. IMO STCW 2010 Training. Marine Engineering Cadets. Maritime. IMO Model Course 2.07. Online Training. COVID-19. Certified by Class NK, IACS Member. Maritime Education and Training (MET). Containership. Yacht Taining. Tanker Personnel.MILPER, Project Studies with Dr Ismail Cicek 2012-2014, Maritime Propeller R&D, Development and Testing
Engine Room Simulator (ERS). Ship Engine Room Simulator. IMO STCW 2010 Training. Marine Engineering Cadets. Maritime. IMO Model Course 2.07. Online Training. COVID-19. Certified by Class NK, IACS Member. Maritime Education and Training (MET). Containership. Yacht Taining. Tanker Personnel.Karpowership logo - GDS Engineering R&D Services Karadeniz HoldingEngine Room Simulator (ERS). Ship Engine Room Simulator. IMO STCW 2010 Training. Marine Engineering Cadets. Maritime. IMO Model Course 2.07. Online Training. COVID-19. Certified by Class NK, IACS Member. Maritime Education and Training (MET). Containership. Yacht Taining. Tanker Personnel.
Simulator Studies in Cooperation between SDT and GDS Engineering R&Dtuzeks gds Engine Room Simulator (ERS) Engine Tests, Vibration Testing, Consultancy, KOSGEB Project
Engine Room Simulator (ERS). Ship Engine Room Simulator. IMO STCW 2010 Training. Marine Engineering Cadets. Maritime. IMO Model Course 2.07. Online Training. COVID-19. Certified by Class NK, IACS Member. Maritime Education and Training (MET). Containership. Yacht Taining. Tanker Personnel.
tülomsaş, R&D study, Milli Dizel Motoru Çalışması, ARGE, TÜBİTAK, Dizel Motorlarda Verimlilik, İTÜ
GDS Systems Engineering Training Programs. Online Training. Training helps reduce your design and operational risks. We provide MIL-STD-810H, RTCA-DO-160, Vibration and Shock, FAA Requirements Management courses. by Dr Ismail Cicek and a CVE certified by EASA. Tailoring of the MIL-STD-810H test methods and procedures. EUT. Equipment Under Test. Online Classes. US based intructor. US DOD. EASA. FAA. NASA. Miliary Stanrdards. Askeri Test Standartları. Çevresel Test Standart Eğitimi. Eğitim. Acceleration Testing. Aircraft Systems. RTCA-DO-160. Crash Hazard. Korozyon Testleri. Corrosion Tests. Environmental Testing of Products, provided by GDS Engineering R&D, Systems Engineering Products and Solutions. Dr. Ismail Cicek. Product Verification and Validation Courses for Integrated Systems. C-17 Military Aicraft. FAA/EASA. US DoD. Safety First. US Army. US Air Force and US Navy Tailoring Examples for Mission and Environmental Profile. Setting Test Limits and Durations are Explained. How to evaluate test results and mitigate the risk (Risk Assessment Matrix). Aircafft Equipment, Devices, Plugs, Machinary, Engines, Compressors, or Carry-on. European CE Time Schedule. DOT/FAA/AR-08/32. Requirements Engineering Management Handbook. U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Aviation Administration. Tailoring Guidance. Tailoring per MIL-STD-810H Testing. Tailoring for MIL-STD-810H Testing. MIL-STD-810H Tailoring Examples. Acceleration and Shock Tests, Sled Testing.

Do you need to perform acceleration testing of your military products or systems for specific platforms?

Acceleration, as addressed in MIL-STD-810G Method 513.6 (Department of Defense, 2009), is a load factor (inertial load or “g” load) that is applied slowly enough and held steady for a period of time such that the materiel has sufficient time to fully distribute the resulting internal loads to all critical joints and components.

The common methods used to expose equipment to a sustained acceleration load are centrifuge and track/rocket-powered-sled testing.


However, both methods impose limitations on AE equipment testing. For example, the costs required and the scheduling, planning, and coordination phases associated with the use of these types of test
facilities are often prohibitive. In some cases, centrifuges and track/rocket sleds may limit the orientations at which the test article can be mounted for testing. To maintain validity, all AE devices are tested under the same mounting configuration as intended for operational use. Finally, due to the often expensive and delicate nature of medical devices, insufficient inventories often prevent the use of these tests due to their somewhat destructive nature.


Because of the difficulties associated with physical dynamic testing, the ATB team initially turned to Finite Element Analysis (FEA) as the method of choice for meeting acceleration test requirements.

MIL-STD-810H Training. Acceleration Testing. Aircraft Systems. RTCA-DO-160. Crash Hazard.

Recent technological advances in microcomputing and higher resolution graphics capabilities allowed complex systems to be modeled and simulated for both static and dynamic tests.

The FEA techniques were already used by others for various aircraft structures and devices. For example, Foster and Sarwade (2005) performed an FEA of a structure that attached medical devices to a litter. This structure was later approved as STF. Continuing on the same theme, Lawrence, Fasanella, Tabiei, Brinkley, and Shemwell (2008) studied a crash test dummy model for NASA’s Orion
crew module landings using FEA. Viisoreanu, Rutman, and Cassatt (1999) reported their findings for the analysis of the aircraft cargo net barrier using FEA. Furthermore, Motevalli and Noureddine (1998)
used an FEA model of a fuselage section to simulate the aircraft cabin environment in air turbulence. These and similar studies demonstrated the successful use of the FEA method to verify requirements
by analysis for an acceleration test.


Given the costs associated with dynamic testing, the ATB originally envisioned using the FEA method to alleviate budget and inventory concerns. To test this theory, the ATB employed FEA for testing various AE structures to meet the acceleration requirements and found some aspects of this method to be cost- and time-prohibitive.


Lessons learned from these studies are provided in the case-studies section. The various types of analysis and test methods raise questions as to what the correct decision process is for selecting the most appropriate method for STF testing of AE equipment.

RTCA-DO-160 Fire and Flammability Training. MIL-STD-810H. Risks and Assessment Techniques.

The authors of this article describe the process developed and employed by the ATB for the acceleration testing of AE equipment since June 2008.


The ATB’s process has proven to be well suited for identifying the most appropriate test method—one that not only represents the most appropriate and effective test method, but also minimizes the use of available resources. This process includes testing both structurally simple and complex equipment and successfully introducing the use of the Equivalent Load Testing (ELT) method, which permits
the use of alternative testing approaches, such as pull testing and tensile testing.

GDS Systems Engineering V&V Training Courses
Event Calendar

We announce upcoming training on these pages. Due to COVID-19 pandemic situation, we offer only ONLINE training courses for the time being. Please communicate with us if you need a group training, which could be scheduled based on your plans and schedules.

Select the best training from below list that fits to your training needs.

Upcoming Events


Archieves: Posts and Pages Archieved under GDS Engineering R&D website

Archieves


Underwater radiated noise (URN) of your platform

The increase in shipping activity globally has resulted in an increased awareness of impacts on the marine environment. Effects of noise pollution, especially on marine life, have become highly prominent. Marine life is extremely sensitive to noise pollution. Due to their extreme reliance on underwater sounds for basic life functions like searching for food and mate and an absence of any mechanism to safeguard them against it, underwater noise pollution disrupts marine life (Singla, 2020). In short, marine animals depend on sound to live, making and listening to it in various ways to perform various life functions (US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, 2014).

Noise travels much more in water, covering greater distances than it would do on land while travelling through air. Underwater sound has both pressure and particle motion components and hearing can be defined as the relative contribution of each of these sound components to auditory detection (Popper AN, 2011). Sounds radiated from ships are among the underwater noise sources. Among shipborne Underwater Radiated Noise (URN) sources are the following:
● Propeller’s rotational turn and the blades hitting to water flow lines
● Propeller’s cavitation
● Ship hull structure’s interaction water (fluid-structure interaction)
● Mechanical noises from onboard machinery

All of these noise sources are radiated to underwater from ships, especially when the ship speed is at higher rates, i.e. above 15 knots.

When a Powership is considered, out of the 4 aforementioned noises, only mechanical noise sources are of concern as there are no noises that emanate from the other three sources because the Powership is docked. Mechanical onboard noises are still of concern and therefore need to be evaluated and tested for the assessment of their potential negative effects to marine life.

At GDS Engineering R&D, Inc., we provide engineering and research services for investigating the ship underwater noise emittance and limitations.

We have established a group of engineers and academicians, called “GDS Team”, to conduct for doing an initial research on the subject. Academic staff is selected from Istanbul Technical University (ITU) Marine Equipment Test Center (METC), which is a directorate established under the ITU Rectorate. Also, GDS Engineering R&D is established in the university research park with the permission of ITU Rectorate by laws. Consisting of both academic and sectoral subject matter experts, the GDS Team hereby submits this research and evaluation paper.

Our study reflects that there has been an increase in academic and scientific studies, in the last decade, with regards to shipborne noises and their effect on marine life. Our research indicates that the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Marine Environment Protection Committee has also held a subject meeting in 2019 and published a report (IMO MEPC 74/INF.28, 2019). The IMO report indicates that there is no requirement or a strong guidance document yet published with regard to Underwater Radiated Noise (URN):

“The report provides an overview of URN issues but is not intended as a complete guide to this very complex subject.” (IMO MEPC 74/INF.28, 2019).

Similar studies show that there are no standard thresholds established and currently required as design criteria for commercial ships.

This research study focuses on the following main areas:

  • Overview of previous studies on the subject.
  • Evaluation of Shipborne Machinery Design and Noise Radiation using computer simulations.
  • Evaluation of Karpowership design and considerations made countermeasures taken for the vibrations and noise including URN, using the state-of-the-art noise reduction and isolation techniques.

Animals will only respond directly to sounds they can detect. Marine animals depend on sound to live, making and listening to it in various ways to perform various life functions (US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, 2014). The effect of underwater noise pollution is more painful than anything else for the animals. Most animals are alarmed by the alien sounds. The deaths can occur due to hemorrhages, changed diving pattern, migration to newer places, and damage to internal organs and an overall panic response to the foreign sounds. There is also a disruption in normal communication between marine animals as a result of underwater noise pollution. This means animals prone to noise pollution are unable to call their mates, look for food or even make a cry for help under such circumstances (Singla, 2020).

Figure 1 shows the frequency ranges produced by various marine mammal groups (US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, 2014). The relative noise frequency bands created by various human noise sources are indicated. It also shows that all human made noises that affect various undersea life with the respective frequency ranges. Due to this fact shown with this figure along with similar studies and reports discusses in the upcoming sections, there is more attention to do research on marine mammals and industrial noises to understand how these noises affect the mammal groups.

Figure: Frequency Range of Sounds Generally Produced by Different Marine Animal Groups Shown Relative to Major Human Noise Sources (US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, 2014)
.

Behavioral responses of marine mammals to noise are highly variable and dependent on a suite of internal and external factors. Internal factors include (Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals, 2003)

  • individual hearing sensitivity, activity pattern, and motivational and behavioral state at time of exposure;
  • past exposure of the animal to the noise, which may have led to habituation or sensitization;
  • individual noise tolerance; and
  • demographic factors such as age, sex, and presence of dependent offspring.

External factors include

  • non-acoustic characteristics of the sound source, such as whether it is stationary or moving,
  • environmental factors that influence sound transmission,
  • habitat characteristics, such as being in a confined location, and
  • location, such as proximity to a shoreline.

Many marine animals like the fish (rockfish, herring, san eel, cod, blue whiting etc.) show signs of extensive damage to their ears upon exposure to seismic air guns even up to several kilometers. Exposure to noise during embryonic stage increases sensitivity of fish to noise impact, increasing the mortality rates at time of birth and development of genetic anomalies. The migration to new areas not only affects the marine diversity balance but indirectly affects humans too. A decreased catch in many fish species like herring, cod and blue whiting especially in areas susceptible to noise pollution from ships has been noticed (Singla, 2020).

Sensitivity of various marine animals to ocean noise pollution is varying. While cetaceans like whales and dolphins may show a greater resistance, soft shelled species like mollusks, prawns, fish, etc. are much more sensitive. However, it is important to note that as many as 24 cetacean species have shown negative effects of noise pollution in the ocean. In all about 55 marine species have been noted to have suffered due to exposure to sound of varying frequencies. These include sperm whale, grey whale, mink whale, pygmy sperm whale, killer whale, sea bass, pink snapper, goldfish, cod, haddock, bluefin tuna, squid, lobster, brown shrimp etc. (Singla, 2020).

Mass stranding of giant squids in coastal areas of Spain between 2001 and 2003 showed how grave the implications of noise pollution in marine life can be. These beachings can occur merely hours after such an exercise.  Dislocation or movement of marine animals to newer locations is also one of the many ocean noise pollution effects. While this may seem like a survival mechanism, studies conducted for a follow up on these animals isn’t that promising as most animals fail to acclimatize in the new environment, not to mention loss of diversity in many regions (Singla, 2020).

Sound is an extremely efficient way to propagate energy through the ocean, and marine organisms have evolved to exploit this property. Fish utilize sound for navigation and selection of habitat, mating, and communication (Bass & McKibben, 2003) (Simmonds & MacLennan, 2008).

There is a reason why the ocean is called the ‘silent world’. In this world, where sounds of their own exist, there is no room or rather any need for foreign sounds to breach the harmony of their world. Studies are being conducted to understand the effects of noise pollution on marine life in a much better way. But until a safe mechanism can be thought of which will ensure that marine animals do not continue to commit as much as mass suicide due to human errors, safety through prevention is out best shot at keeping the sanctity of this ‘silent world’ intact (Singla, 2020).