Maritime Studies. Man Overboard. Denize Adam Düşmesi. Maritime Accident Investigation Reports. Maritime Research. IMO GISIS. Database. Veritabanı Oluşturulması. EU Project. TUBITAK. ITU Maritime Faculty. İTÜ Denizcilik Fakültesi. Maritime Accident Investigation, Casualty Investigation Code, Man Over Board (MOB), Lessons Learned, Database, Data Format, Report Forms. Root Cause Analysis. Root Cause Flow Charts. Collision Accidents. Analysis and assessment of ship collision accidents using Fault Tree and Multiple Correspondence Analysis. MCA. , Fault tree method, Multiple correspondence analysis, Collision Regulation, CollReg. Human Error. The results represent the cause statistics of the ship-to-ship collision accidents that occurred in the last 43 years. Considering the collision accident reports data, our results show %94,7 of collision accidents are related to human error.

A New Study Published in the Ocean Engineering Journal: “Analysis and assessment of ship collision accidents using Fault Tree and Multiple Correspondence Analysis”

Journal Article:

Ocean Engineering, Volume 245, 1 February 2022, 110514

Hasan Ugurlu, Ismail Cicek, Analysis and assessment of ship collision accidents using Fault Tree and Multiple Correspondence Analysis, Ocean Engineering, Volume 245, 2022, 110514, ISSN 0029-8018,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.110514.
(https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0029801821017923)

Authors

Hasan Uğurlu and Ismail Cicek

Highlights

• 513 ship collision accidents for all ship types, dated since 1977, were studied.
• 39 primary causes for collisions were examined with fault tree analysis.
• Importance and probability values for each primary cause are presented.
• Results indicate which COLREG Rules are violated the most.
• Recommendations are provided for reducing the potential collision accidents.

Abstract

Our research study indicates that, over the past few decades, the expected decrease in the number of maritime accidents has not occurred. The statistics show the collision and contact types of marine accidents have always been the most frequent. Primary causes that contribute to ship collisions were collected from 513 collision accidents reported since 1977, which is the date the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 (COLREGs) came into effect. The root causes of ship-to-ship collisions were determined statistically. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were carried out using the Fault Tree Analysis (FTA). This provided the probability and importance of the primary causes contributing to the ship collision accidents and defined minimal cut sets. Results show that the violation of the COLREG Rules is the most important and effective factor for collision accidents. Therefore, further analysis was conducted and the results showed which type of COLREG Rules mostly violated statistically. The primary causes were also examined by Multiple Correspondence Analysis, and it was determined that maneuvering and perception errors were the most effective factors in collision accidents. The results represent the cause statistics of the ship-to-ship collision accidents that occurred in the last 43 years. Considering the collision accident reports data, our results show %94,7 of collision accidents are related to human error.

Read more at Ocean Engieering journal…

Keywords

Maritime accidents, Ship collision, Fault tree method, Multiple correspondence analysis, Collision regulation, Human error

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.110514

Why is this Paper Important?

The results represent the cause statistics of the ship-to-ship collision accidents that occurred in the last 43 years. Considering the collision accident reports data, our results show %94,7 of collision accidents are related to human error.

  • 513 ship collision accidents for all ship types, dated since 1977, were studied.
  • 39 primary causes for collisions were examined with fault tree analysis.
  • Importance and probability values for each primary cause are presented.
  • Results indicate which COLREG Rules are violated the most.
  • Recommendations are provided for reducing the potential collision accidents.
Ship Engine Room Simulator (ERS) SERS GDS Engineering R&D IMO STCW 2010, Engine Performance, Main Diesel Engine, Marine, Maritime, IMO Model Course 2.07. Certified by ClassNK. ITU Maritime Faculty. Yıldız Technical University. Competencies. Operation and Management Level. Education and Training. Assessment of Marine Engineers. Troubleshooting with Fault Tree Scnearious and Analysis Reporting. Objective Assessment. Nippon Kaiji Kyokai.High Voltage Training Functions 6600 VAC. Ship Propulsion Systems. Maritime Education and Training. Main Engine Performance. Sunken Diagrams. Energy Efficiency. Marine Engineering. Effect of Draft Change in the Ship Main Engine Performance Parameters. Management Level Training Exercices, Marine Engineering Education and Training. SERS Trademark

Effect of Weather on the Marine Propulsion Engine Performance Onboard a Ship

IMO Model Course Exercise recommends students learn the weather change effect on engine performance.

GDS Engineering R&D developed a modern Engine Room Simulator (ERS) and it is in use by various research and training institutions. GDS ERS, called SERS, includes all engine room, ship, and environmental paramaters to demonstrate the weather effect to engine performance while onboard systems are maintaining their status with the displayed parameters. This scenario study is a predefined and set in the ERS for instructors to directly apply in their STCW Management Level Exercises. Student Workbooks accomodate this exercise with specficic forms to fill by the trainees.

Ship Engine Room Simulator (ERS) SERS GDS Engineering R&D IMO STCW 2010, Engine Performance, Main Diesel Engine, Marine, Maritime, IMO Model Course 2.07. Certified by ClassNK. ITU Maritime Faculty. Yıldız Technical University. Competencies. Operation and Management Level. Education and Training. Assessment of Marine Engineers. Troubleshooting with Fault Tree Scnearious and Analysis Reporting. Objective Assessment. Nippon Kaiji Kyokai.High Voltage Training Functions 6600 VAC. Ship Propulsion Systems. Maritime Education and Training. Main Engine Performance. Sunken Diagrams. Energy Efficiency. Marine Engineering. Effect of Draft Change in the Ship Main Engine Performance Parameters. Management Level Training Exercices, Marine Engineering Education and Training. SERS Trademark

Capture GDS Vision in the Engine Room Simulator Development

GDS Engineering R&D is a research and development company, established by the academicians employed at Istanbul Technical University Maritime Faculty, Tuzla, Istanbul. GDS SERS Development Team has been utilizing engine room simulators since 2001, every year for training of marine engineering students with the following two engineering courses:

ERS I Operational Level Simulator Course: This course is for STCW Operational Level Proficiency Training after completing other Operational Level Courses at 4-year-university level. It is 4 hrs a week continuing for 14 weeks per semester. Each student must take this course to be eligible for long term training onboard a ship.

ERS II Management level Simulator Course: This course is to satisfy the proficiency levels for Management Level. It is 3 hours for 14 weeks and each student must complete the onboard training and then after completing this class for graduation.

Effect of Draft Change in the Ship Main Engine Performance Parameters IMO Model Course 2.07, IMO, STCW 2010, Management Level Training Exercices, Marine Engineering Education and Training, Maritime. GDS Engineering R&D, SERS, Trademark

Through using simulators in both of these courses since 2001, we gained a good level of expertise on the use of simulators in Maritime Education & Training. Our team has also provided Training of Trainers courses IMO Model Courses 6.09 and 6.10. Some of our team members provided on site training at other Turkish institutions and became experienced on using simulators developed by various manufacturers.

Experienced in academic, engineering, and simulator courses, we have started describing a new simulator, aiming to provide an engine room simulator with the following important characteristics:

  • Reduction of Learning Time of the Software to Focus on Engine Room Systems Training:
    • Having different mouse key assignments or keyboard shortcuts in a simulator for various software functions and controls make the software much more complex to use and that affect the training objectives negatively. Therefore;
    • SERS provide a much less complex user interface allowing trainees focus on the professional tasks for “running the engine room systems” rather than “running the simulator.”
    • All GUI panels are easily displayed or closed:

“1-Click” Approach for ease of use:

  • All sysems are operated with a left mouse click.
  • All software functions are activated with a left mouse click.
  • All selections are made with a left mouse click.
  • No hidden functions or keys to use for activating a specific panel.

Fidelity and Realism

    • Having a more accurate approach on how to display and how to operate the systems and components.
    • Realistic functionality of pumps, compressors, engines, etc. with mathematical modeling reflecting the realistic time durations and process dynamics.
    • Realistic remote and local control for the pumps and compressors.
    • Realistic graphical user interface for electrical system (Circuit Breakers, Remote Panels, Synchronization Panel, etc.)
    • Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID) objects, such as valves, are designed and shown in accordance with the respective international standards. Also, real engine rooms are studied to understand and display the controls, valves, and similar objects with a more understandable object design.
    • Pipe colors are selected to fit to the international standards. This provides a more comprehensive maritime education approach and ensures enough practice opportunity for diagram reading in the real engine room.
    • Components are created with various drawing and design software packages, then they are animated for better understanding, and better on-off state indications. For example, trainee could understand a pump is turning and could see there is a flow in a pipe with both color change and observed parameters.
    • Enough/necessary parameters displayed to understand the engineering principles.
    • Emphasis on Safety Systems (CO2 Fixed Fire Installation system is included as a separate panel)
    • Emphasis on Upcoming Regulations or Technology (Inclusion of ME Denoxification system as a separate panel).
    • Basic sounds (alarms and engine sounds) are implemented. Alarms are implemented appropriately as in the real environment with SILENCE, ACKNOWLEDGE and RESET buttons.

Unique Assessment Features

SERS provides direct evaluation methods with objective evidence of training with the following training outputs:

  • A text based training report generated for each trainee for each training session.
  • Screen captures generated for each user action and recorded in a historic time order, allowing to monitor and display the complete flow of the trainee actions.
  • Instructor monitoring and reaction time display and record for each trainee.
  • Trainee tools to easily record and maintain the training records.
  • More Accurate Philosphy is developed for use of SERS for a more Efficient and Realistic “Team Management” Training
    • “Repeating all functions in distributed computers” approach cause students tend to complete all training functions from one computer only. However;
    • SERS architecture allow for distributing panels to different units without repeating. Student must complete the task from its designated location.
Maritime Studies. Man Overboard. Denize Adam Düşmesi. Maritime Accident Investigation Reports. Maritime Research. IMO GISIS. Database. Veritabanı Oluşturulması. EU Project. TUBITAK. ITU Maritime Faculty. İTÜ Denizcilik Fakültesi. Maritime Accident Investigation, Casualty Investigation Code, Man Over Board (MOB), Lessons Learned, Database, Data Format, Report Forms.

Maritime Investigation Reports Involving Man-Over-Board (MOB) Casualties: A Methodology for Evaluation Process

Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences, Vol: 5 No: 2 (2019) 141-170.

Authors

Orhan Gönel and İsmail Çiçek

Abstract

Flag states must issue their maritime investigation reports in accordance with the International Maritime Organization (IMO) circulars with the inclusion of ‘lessons learned’ items from recorded accidents or incidents. To identify the root cause of an event, there must be enough detail of information about the investigated event presented in reports. The information included in reports may help identifying the procedural deficiencies or technical challenges. Considering the Man-Over- Board (MOB) events as a sub group of maritime accident  nvestigations, authors systematically reviewed over 100 reports containing MOB events in this study.

In this study, reports are reviewed and major differences in formats as well as level and type of information are recorded. A systematic methodology for reviewing and reporting the overall information retrieved from maritime accident reports is presented. To cover all information from reviewed reports, 113 information items are identified. An associated standard form is developed for use in extracting information from all investigation reports. Enabling the data collected systematically from reports, issued by the world maritime accident reporting states and agencies, and successively populated into a database for overall analysis, this form is called “Maritime MOB Events Investigation Form (MEI Form)”. This paper presents the content of the MEI Form and demonstrates the methodology of use for retrieving, formatting and analyzing the information from the MOB investigation reports using case examples.

Click to see published paper for more reading.

Keywords

Maritime Accident Investigation, Casualty Investigation Code, Man Over Board (MOB), Lessons Learned, Database, Data Format, Report Forms.

Highlights

  • A Form was developed and proposed for use in accident investigations.
  • Using the form and entry into a database, maritime accident investigation data is digitized.
  • Statistical Data for MOB Events were obtained and presented.
  • results provide useful data for having lessons learned items.
  • Provides a methodology for root-cause of MOB events.
  • Lessons learnt process is automated.

A Summary of GDS Ship Engine Room Simulator (ERS) charateristics to fit into your training program

With our product, certified by the Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (Class NK) as a Class A (Full Mission) Engine Room Simulator, our purpose is to ensure that the instructors can efficiently utilize this training environment in their Maritime Education and Training (MET) programs and that the trainees can have a productive training.

Developed by GDS Engineering R&D; our product called Ship Engine Room Simulator (SERS);

  • Meets IMO STCW 2010 requirements (with Manila Amendments).
  • Supports training programs using IMO Model Course 2.07 (2017 Edition).
  • Certified by Class NK for meeting both IMO STCW 2010 and Model Course 2.07.
  • The simulator is the digital twin model of a real ship (ref. to User Manuals for complete references and details)
  • Configurable for an individual training study on a Workstation/PC
  • Configurable for group studies with distributed system configuration using distributed computers and large touch-screen panels as well as association of hardware consoles and panels.
  • Provides automated training reports.
  • Includes high voltage training functions
  • Simulates all engine room machinery and systems with over 50 Graphical User Interface (GUI) Panels.
  • All systems are interfaced with all engine room parameters, any change in any parts of the systems is immediately affect the other systems, as in reality!
  • Emphasizes all aspects of the electrical operations with realistic functions.
  • Easy graphical user interfaces that considerably decrease the time for learning and allowing instructors to directly move on to the training objectives.
  • Includes 5 User Manuals, allowing to apply the manuals to training programs directly.
  • Includes Exercise Workbooks for students to come to the simulator center with their study books. When books and user manuals are incorporated, it provides a similar work studies in real ships.
  • Exercise Book I is to use in the Operational Level of STCW 2010 training / competency levels. There are more than 10 example exercises are provided; already meeting the STCW objectives.
  • Exercise Book II is to use in the Management Level of STCW 2010 training/ competency levels. There are more than 10 example exercises are provided; already meeting the STCW objectives.
  • Engine room systems are simulated with high resolution rendered components providing easily readable GUIs on screens, which considerably decrease the learning time and moving on to the training subjects.

For more information, clisk here to read the details of the GDS ERS in our ERS product page. https://www.globaldynamicsystems.com/

or watch our YOUTUBE CHANNEL for more information with some example videos.

Dr. İsmail Çiçek

Dr İsmail Çiçek 1990 yılında İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (İTÜ) Gemi Makineleri İşletme Mühendisliği Bölümünden mezun oldu. Akademik dünya ve endüstrinin değişik alanlarındaki çalışmalarıyla geniş tecrübe sahibi olan İsmail Çiçek, Texas Tech Üniversitesi Makine Mühendisliği Bölümünden 1995’de Yüksek Lisans 1999’da doktora diplomalarını aldı. Dr Çiçek yüksek lisans çalışmasında dizayn ve kontrol sistemleri, doktora çalışmasında ise mekanik titreşimler ve kontrol sistemleri konularında çalışmalar yaptı.

Dr İsmail Çiçek 1999-2003 yılları arasında İTÜ Denizcilik Fakültesi Gemi Makineleri İşletme Mühendisliği Bölümünde Öğretim Üyesi ve Bölüm Başkan Yardımcısı olarak görev yaptı. Bu süre içerisinde Dr Çiçek İTÜ Simülatör Merkezinin kurulması, International Association of Maritime Universities (IAMU) birliğinin oluşturulması, ve The State University of New York (SUNY) ile İTÜ Denizcilik Fakültesi arasında çift diplomalı lisans programının gerçekleştirilmesi çalışmalarında bulundu.

1997 yılından günümüze Dr. İsmail Çiçek ABD savunma sektöründe proje yapan şirketlerde ve ABD Hava Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı bünyesinde değişik program ve projelerde uzun yıllar (toplam 15 yıl) mühendis ve lider olarak çalışmalar yürüttü. Dr. Çiçek’in savunma sanayi deneyimi Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemlerini kullanan İnsansız Hava Aracı ve Sistemleri geliştirilmesi ve US Marine Corps’a teslimi, sabit kanat uçakların modernizasyonu (C-5, C-17, C-130 E/H/J, vb), askeri cihazlarının uçak, hava ve deniz araçlarında kullanılabilmesi için ortama uyumluluk testleri, insansız hava araçları için dizel motor geliştirilmesi ve uygulanması gibi önemli çalışmaları içermektedir.

Dr Çiçek, Raytheon ve Texas Tech Üniversitesi işbirliği ile hazırlanan Sistem Mühendisliği doktora programında Entegre Ürün Verifikasyon ve Validasyon dersini verdi. Titiz, enerjik ve mükemmel takım çalışması göstergeleri dolayısıyla İsmail Çiçek’e; Terra Health tarafından, 2009 yılında Mükemmel Mühendislik ve 2010 yılında Müşteriye Hizmette Üstünlük ödülleri, ABD Hava Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı’nca çok sayıda ödül ve teşekkür mektupları takdim edildi.
Bir çok bilimsel ve mühendislik yayınları olan ve uluslararası konferans etkinlikleri bulunan Dr. İsmail Çiçek halen ASTM, ASME, IEEE ve ISO gibi uluslararası profesyonel kuruluşlarda aktif üye olup, askeri ve sivil standartlar geliştiren komitelerde çalışmalar yapmaktadır. Dr. Çiçek’in uluslararası sivil ve askeri standartlar konusunda uygulamalı tecrübeleri bulunmaktadır.

Dr. İsmail Cicek, 2012 yılından itibaren İTÜ Denizcilik Fakültesi’nde Öğretim Üyesi olarak görev yapmakta, Otomatik Kontrol Sistemleri, Gemi Makine Dairesi Simülatörleri, Gemi Kontrol Sistemleri, Mekanik Titreşimler ve benzeri dersler vermektedir.  Dr. İsmail Çiçek Üniversite-Sanayi işbirliklerine önem vermektedir, bu sebeple de IMSO, TÜLOMSAŞ, MILPER, FEMSAN, ve benzeri kurum ve kuruluşlar ile birlikte çalışmalar da yapmıştır.